Cramping During Pregnancy. In most cases, cramping or cramping is a normal part of pregnancy. However, there are some cases where cramps can be a concern.
Causes of Colic during Pregnancy
Colics or cramps usually occurs when the uterus expands, causing the ligaments and muscles that support it to stretch. And may be more sensitive to sneezing, coughing, or changing positions.
During the second trimester, a common cause of cramps is round ligament pain. The round ligament is a muscle that supports the uterus, and when stretched, you may feel a sharp, stabbing pain, or a dull ache in the lower abdomen.
Colds that are relatively mild and occur from time to time are likely to be nothing to worry about. Some additional causes of normal cramping in pregnancy include:
- Gases and swelling
- Sexual relations
Causes of colic during pregnancy
Treating Cramps During Pregnancy
If you experience mild cramps during pregnancy, here are a few things you can do for prevention and self-care:
- Try to sit, lie down or change positions.
- Soak in a warm bath.
- Try to do relaxation exercises.
- Place a bottle of warm water wrapped in a towel over the pain.
- Be sure to drink plenty of fluids.
Serious Concerns for Cramping or Cramping During Pregnancy
While cramping may be common, there are some serious causes of abdominal pain during pregnancy:
Ectopic pregnancy – This type of pregnancy occurs when the fertilized egg is implanted outside the uterus. Ectopic pregnancies can cause painful cramping and is a serious medical condition that should be treated by your doctor.
Miscarriage – Vaginal staining accompanied by mild or acute cramping may be a sign of miscarriage, although some pregnant women who have spotting and cramping may have healthy pregnancies. If you have severe colic and bleeding, contact your doctor immediately.
Preeclampsia-This is characterized by high blood pressure and protein in the urine. Severe preeclampsia can cause severe pain in the upper abdomen.
Premature labor – Increased pressure, abdominal pain, and colic may be a sign of premature labor, which is whether the cervix begins to dilate before 37 weeks.
Urinary Tract Infections – Low abdominal pain and pain when urinating can be symptoms of a urinary tract infection.
Placental abruption – This occurs when the placenta is separated from the uterus before the baby is born. This is a life-threatening condition and can be signaled by a painful cramp that does not go away. If this happens, you should contact your doctor immediately.
Cramps or Cramping During Pregnancy: When to Call the Doctor
- If you experience the following types of colic, you should contact your doctor immediately:
- Severe pain that does not go away
- Low abdominal pain, accompanied by contractions
- Vaginal cramps, bleeding, secretion, gastrointestinal symptoms, and dizziness
- Cramps, along with pain in the shoulder or neck.